B4J Tutorial jPOI to the rescue

Discussion in 'B4J Tutorials' started by Erel, Mar 24, 2019.

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  1. Erel

    Erel Administrator Staff Member Licensed User

    I'm helping a group of first aid personnel with their organization. There are about 50 people. The main communication channel is a Whatsapp group.

    Each one needed to fill a MS Word document with some information. I didn't want to send them an email with the document as an attachment. Many of them only use a phone and it can be challenging to fill such a document, attach it to an email and then send it back.

    I chose a different solution:

    1. Used Google Forms to create a form where they can fill the data.
    2. Sent them a link to the form.
    3. Google Forms produces a Google Sheet document. I've downloaded it as an MS Excel document.
    4. Created a Word file based on the original form with replacements strings. Example:


    Now for the interesting part, the following B4J code:
    - Reads each line of the Excel workbook.
    - Creates a Map with the replacement strings as keys and the values from the Excel file as values.
    - Loads the input document.
    - Replaces the replacements strings based on the map. The code is based on: https://stackoverflow.com/a/22269035/971547
    Note that there is an assumption here that the text is not split into multiple "runs". This can happen with more complex documents.
    - Saves the new document.

    Complete program:
    Sub AppStart (Args() As String)

    Dim wk As PoiWorkbook
    Dim sheet As PoiSheet = wk.GetSheet(0)
    Dim c As Int = 1
    For Each row As PoiRow In sheet.Rows
    If row.RowNumber = 0 Then Continue 'skip the header
           Dim m As Map = CreateMap("NAME1": row.GetCell(2).ValueString, "NAME2": row.GetCell(3).ValueString, _
    "ID": row.GetCell(1).ValueString, "PHONE": row.GetCell(4).ValueString)
    Dim doc As JavaObject = OpenDocx(File.DirApp, "input.docx")
    Dim paragraphs As List = doc.RunMethod("getParagraphs"Null)
    For Each p As JavaObject In paragraphs
    Dim runs As List = p.RunMethod("getRuns"Null)
    If runs.IsInitialized Then
    For Each r As JavaObject In runs
    Dim text As String = r.RunMethod("getText"Array(0))
    If text <> Null Then
    For Each key As String In m.Keys
    If text.Contains("$" & key & "$"Then
    "setText"Array(" " & m.Get(key) & " "0))
    End If
    End If
    End If
    File.DirApp , "Document" & c & ".docx")
           c = c + 
    End Sub

    Sub SaveDocument(doc As JavaObject, Dir As String, FileName As String)
    Dim out As OutputStream = File.OpenOutput(Dir, FileName, False)
    End Sub

    Sub OpenDocx(Dir As String, FileName As StringAs JavaObject
    Dim in As InputStream = File.OpenInput(Dir, FileName)
    Dim document As JavaObject
    "org.apache.poi.xwpf.usermodel.XWPFDocument", _
    Return document
    End Sub

    Sub CreateNewDocx() As JavaObject 'ignore not used in this example
       Dim document As JavaObject
    "org.apache.poi.xwpf.usermodel.XWPFDocument", _
    Return document
    End Sub
    JOTHA, jmon, victormedranop and 8 others like this.
  2. JOTHA

    JOTHA Well-Known Member Licensed User

    Hello Erel,
    i like your idea to work with excel to fill data into a WORD-document.

    But there is an error message:
    Attached you see the code ...

    Attached Files:

  3. Erel

    Erel Administrator Staff Member Licensed User

    The error message means that you are trying to read from an empty or non-existent cell. It is not really related to this thread. You need to learn how to read data with jPOI.
  4. JOTHA

    JOTHA Well-Known Member Licensed User

    OK, thank you!
  5. micro

    micro Well-Known Member Licensed User

    Hi to all and thanks erel for this tips.
    I directly open a docx file (no a excel files) and if the text to replace is simply in the page I find it and I replace it
    but if this is present in a cell I can't find it.

    The word file is created with MSWord
  6. Erel

    Erel Administrator Staff Member Licensed User

  7. micro

    micro Well-Known Member Licensed User

  8. JOTHA

    JOTHA Well-Known Member Licensed User

    Hi community,

    1) Can someone tell me why the map is generated 6 times (see Logfile):
    2) Can someone tell me how to generate new placeholders in the input.docx (copy and paste doesn't work)?
    There are only 4 placeholder-fields and 2 placeholder-fields (NAME2 + ID) are not filled with data.
  9. Erel

    Erel Administrator Staff Member Licensed User

    Please start a new thread and also provide more information.
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