B4A Library UltimateWebViewAssetLoader

IMPORTANT!!!
This library has become an integral part of WebkitLibrariesSet and is referenced like WebkitWebViewAssetLoader. Download a set of libraries from the following link:




From API version 30 and above, Google has disabled the use of AllowFileAccessFromFileURLs and AllowUniversalAccessFromFileURLs options in WebView Settings. This means that since version API version 30 it is not possible to use file:/// to load files from the DirAsset, DirInternal and Resource folders. Shown in the image below:


from developers website.png



The options can only be used by setting the SDK version in the manifest to a version below 30 or by adding some special lines in the manifest. The problem is that after such actions the application cannot be published on the Google Play Store.

As can be seen in the image above, the only legal possibility to load files from DirAsset, DirInternal and Resource folder on API 30 and above is to use androidx.webkit.WebViewAssetLoader class. That's why I chose to implement this class in a library called UltimateWebViewAssetLoader.

In order for this class to be used in B4X, it is first necessary to download the package androidx.webkit:webkit via the SDK Manager. The procedure is as follows:
  1. In the B4X main window menu, click on Tools, and from the drop-down menu, select the SDK Manager option.
  2. When the SDK Manager window opens, type androidx.webkit:webkit in the search box.
  3. Check the offered option (always choose the latest version) and click the Install Selected button.
  4. Wait for the process to complete and then close the SDK Manager.
If you already have this package installed, skip the above procedure.

WebViewClient is necessary for the operation of the library, ie the shouldInterceptRequest event. The library does not have its own WebViewClient in order to avoid conflicts if a custom WebViewClient is already used. Therefore, the library can be used together with the UltimateWebView and WebViewExtra2 libraries, as well as with other custom WebView libraries and with native WebView.

IMPORTANT: The library does not work in DEBUG mode, but only in RELEASE mode (In DEBUG mode the page will not be loaded).

References:
UltimateWebViewAssetLoader
Author:
Ivica Golubovic
Version: 1.0
  • UltimateWebViewAssetLoader
    • Functions:
      • Destroy As String
        Destroy's UltimateWebViewAssetLoader. After that you can pass Null to UltimateWebViewAssetLoader variable.
      • Initialize (Domain As String) As String
        Initializes the object.
        Domain As String - Set the domain for the UltimateWebViewAssetLoader. The domain can be of your choice or use e.g. Application.PackageName. The domain must be unique so that it does not match the domain of an already existing website. Pass Null or empty string to use default domain (appassets.androidplatform.net).
        Important: The UltimateWebViewAssetLoader will not work in DEBUG mode, work's only in RELEASE mode.
        Works from API 11 and higher.
      • IsInitialized As Boolean
        Tests whether the object has been initialized.
      • ShouldInterceptRequest (Url As String) As WebResourceResponseParameters
        Call this method from shouldInterceptRequest method with predefined Url. Return result is Object as android.webkit.WebResourceResponse. Pass this Object as return value for shouldInterceptRequest event or use it's parameters to construct custom WebResourceResponse.
      • ShouldInterceptRequest2 (AndroidNetUri As Object) As WebResourceResponseParameters
        Call this method from shouldInterceptRequest method with predefined android.net.Uri. Return result is Object as android.webkit.WebResourceResponse. Pass this Object as return value for shouldInterceptRequest event or use it's parameters to construct custom WebResourceResponse.
    • Properties:
      • AssetPahtURL As String [read only]
        Gets the URL prefix for load file from DirAsset.
      • Domain As String
        Gets or sets the UltimateWebViewAssetLoader domain.
      • InternalPahtURL As String [read only]
        Gets the URL prefix for load file from DirInternal.
      • ResourcesPahtURL As String [read only]
        Gets the URL prefix for load file from #AdditionalRes.
      • WebViewAssetLoader As Object [read only]
        Gets the androidx.webkit.WebViewAssetLoader as Object which can be used as JavaObject, Reflector.Target or in inline java code.
  • WebResourceResponseParameters
    • Fields:
      • Data As InputStream
      • Encoding As String
      • IsInitialized As Boolean
        Tests whether the object has been initialized.
      • MimeType As String
      • ReasonPhrase As String
      • ResponseHeaders As Object
      • StatusCode As Int
      • WebResourceResponse As Object
    • Functions:
      • Initialize
        Initializes the fields to their default value.

Examples:
NativeWebView Example:
'IMPORTANT: Run in RELEASE mode!

Sub Process_Globals
    'These global variables will be declared once when the application starts.
    'These variables can be accessed from all modules.
    'Private xui As XUI
End Sub

Sub Globals
    'These global variables will be redeclared each time the activity is created.
    Private WebView1 As WebView
    Private AssetLoader As UltimateWebViewAssetLoader
    Private NativeMe As JavaObject
End Sub

Sub Activity_Create(FirstTime As Boolean)
    Activity.LoadLayout("Layout")
    NativeMe.InitializeContext
    AssetLoader.Initialize(Application.PackageName)
    NativeMe.RunMethod("setWebViewClient",Array(WebView1))
    WebView1.LoadUrl(AssetLoader.AssetPahtURL & "UltimateWebViewAssetLoader.htm")
End Sub

Sub Activity_Resume

End Sub

Sub Activity_Pause (UserClosed As Boolean)

End Sub

Public Sub ShouldInterceptRequest (Url As String) As Object
    Return AssetLoader.ShouldInterceptRequest(Url).WebResourceResponse
End Sub

Public Sub PageFinished (Url As String)
    If Url.StartsWith(AssetLoader.AssetPahtURL) Then
        ToastMessageShow("Page loaded from DirAsset",True)
    Else If Url.StartsWith(AssetLoader.InternalPahtURL) Then
        ToastMessageShow("Page loaded from DirInternal",True)
    Else If Url.StartsWith(AssetLoader.ResourcesPahtURL) Then
        ToastMessageShow("Page loaded from Resources",True)
    Else
        ToastMessageShow("Page loaded from internet",True)
    End If
End Sub

#If Java

import android.webkit.WebView;
import android.webkit.WebViewClient;
import android.webkit.WebResourceResponse;
import android.webkit.WebResourceRequest;

public void setWebViewClient (WebView webView){
    webView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
    webView.setWebViewClient(new WebViewClient() {
        @Override
        public WebResourceResponse shouldInterceptRequest(WebView view, WebResourceRequest request) {
            Object response = processBA.raiseEvent(null, "shouldinterceptrequest", request.getUrl().toString());
            return (WebResourceResponse) response;
        }

        @Override
        public WebResourceResponse shouldInterceptRequest(WebView view, String url) {
            Object response = processBA.raiseEvent(null, "shouldinterceptrequest", url);
            return (WebResourceResponse) response;
        }
       
        @Override
        public void onPageFinished (WebView view, String url){
            processBA.raiseEvent(null, "pagefinished", url);
        }
    });
}

#End If

WebViewExtra2 Example:
'IMPORTANT: Run in RELEASE mode!

Sub Process_Globals
    'These global variables will be declared once when the application starts.
    'These variables can be accessed from all modules.
    'Private xui As XUI
End Sub

Sub Globals
    'These global variables will be redeclared each time the activity is created.
    Private WebView1 As WebView
    Private WebViewEx As WebViewExtras
    Private WebViewClient As DefaultWebViewClient
    Private AssetLoader As UltimateWebViewAssetLoader
End Sub

Sub Activity_Create(FirstTime As Boolean)
    Activity.LoadLayout("Layout")
    AssetLoader.Initialize(Application.PackageName)
    WebViewEx.Initialize(WebView1)
    WebViewClient.Initialize("WebViewClient")
    WebViewEx.SetWebViewClient(WebViewClient)
    WebViewEx.JavaScriptEnabled=True
    WebView1.LoadUrl(AssetLoader.AssetPahtURL & "UltimateWebViewAssetLoader.htm")
End Sub

Sub Activity_Resume

End Sub

Sub Activity_Pause (UserClosed As Boolean)

End Sub

Private Sub WebViewClient_PageFinished(Url As String)
    If Url.StartsWith(AssetLoader.AssetPahtURL) Then
        ToastMessageShow("Page loaded from DirAsset",True)
    Else If Url.StartsWith(AssetLoader.InternalPahtURL) Then
        ToastMessageShow("Page loaded from DirInternal",True)
    Else If Url.StartsWith(AssetLoader.ResourcesPahtURL) Then
        ToastMessageShow("Page loaded from Resources",True)
    Else
        ToastMessageShow("Page loaded from internet",True)
    End If
End Sub

Private Sub WebViewClient_ShouldInterceptRequest(Url As String) As WebResourceResponse
    Dim ResponseParam As WebResourceResponseParameters=AssetLoader.ShouldInterceptRequest(Url)
    If ResponseParam.WebResourceResponse<>Null Then
        Dim Response As WebResourceResponse
        Response.Initialize(ResponseParam.MimeType,ResponseParam.Encoding,ResponseParam.Data)
        Return Response
    Else
        Return Null
    End If
End Sub

UltimateWebView Example:
'IMPORTANT: Run in RELEASE mode!

Sub Process_Globals
    'These global variables will be declared once when the application starts.
    'These variables can be accessed from all modules.
    'Private xui As XUI
End Sub

Sub Globals
    'These global variables will be redeclared each time the activity is created.
    Private AssetLoader As UltimateWebViewAssetLoader
    Private UltimateWebView1 As UltimateWebView
End Sub

Sub Activity_Create(FirstTime As Boolean)
    Activity.LoadLayout("Layout")
    AssetLoader.Initialize(Application.PackageName)
    UltimateWebView1.Settings.JavaScriptEnabled=True
    UltimateWebView1.WebViewClientEnabled=True
    UltimateWebView1.LoadUrl(AssetLoader.AssetPahtURL & "UltimateWebViewAssetLoader.htm")
End Sub

Sub Activity_Resume
   
End Sub

Sub Activity_Pause (UserClosed As Boolean)

End Sub

Private Sub UltimateWebView1_PageFinished (Url As String) 'Works from API level 1 and above. WebViewClient required.
    If Url.StartsWith(AssetLoader.AssetPahtURL) Then
        ToastMessageShow("Page loaded from DirAsset",True)
    Else If Url.StartsWith(AssetLoader.InternalPahtURL) Then
        ToastMessageShow("Page loaded from DirInternal",True)
    Else If Url.StartsWith(AssetLoader.ResourcesPahtURL) Then
        ToastMessageShow("Page loaded from Resources",True)
    Else
        ToastMessageShow("Page loaded from internet",True)
    End If
End Sub


Private Sub UltimateWebView1_ShouldInterceptRequest (Url As String) As WebResourceResponse 'Works from API level 11 to API level 20. WebViewClient required.
    Dim Response As WebResourceResponse
    Response.Initialize(AssetLoader.ShouldInterceptRequest(Url).WebResourceResponse)
    Return Response
End Sub

Private Sub UltimateWebView1_ShouldInterceptRequest2 (Request As WebResourceRequest) As WebResourceResponse 'Works from API level 21 and above. WebViewClient required.
    Dim Response As WebResourceResponse
    Response.Initialize(AssetLoader.ShouldInterceptRequest(Request.Url).WebResourceResponse)
    Return Response
End Sub

Library references htm file is packed together with jar and xml file.

If this library makes your work easier and saves time in creating your application, please make a donation.
 

Attachments

  • NativeWebViewExample.zip
    11.1 KB · Views: 45
  • WebViewExtra2Example.zip
    11 KB · Views: 38
  • UltimateWebViewExample.zip
    12.3 KB · Views: 43
  • LibraryFiles_1.0_Lib.zip
    7.6 KB · Views: 57
Last edited:
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